Christian, Muslim and Indigenous groups work together in divided Philippines


By Adriene Cabalinan

The conflict that the Philippines has experienced for decades has intensified religious, ethnic, and political differences.

However, in the Upi municipality - where the population is 60 percent Teduray (an indigenous group), 25 percent Christian and 15 percent Muslim - each group is represented in the region's government and they resolve disputes in a local council.

“The council created is composed of the tri-people,” said Mario Debolgado, Upi Civil Society Council President.

“Two are from the IP [Indigenous Peoples] elders, two from the Christian elders, and another two Muslim elders.” Religious and ethnic tolerance is key in peacebuilding here, and public programs begin with a prayer from each group.

Mona Inog, a Muslim resident, said her family lived has lived in the region for 20 years and that her neighbors look out for each other regardless of their differences.

“Our neighborhood consists of different religions, that household is Christian, while the house right here is a Teduray, and at the back are Muslim households,” Ms Inog said.

“Here in our community we help one another in times of problems and more importantly, we respect each other. Whenever we have "kanduli" or parties, we invite our neighbors and eat together.”

Teduray resident Mary Jane Timuay agrees.

“It is impossible to make bad things against my neighbors because I have seen how good they have been to me, that is why there are no conflicts here,” Ms Timuay said.

Tolerance has also ensured income for families in the region, with local market vendors supporting each other.

“We are from different tribes here in this market, there are Ilongos, Ilocanos, Muslims, Tedurays,” said Christian market vendor Aurelio Tagaygayatan.

“Whenever we run out of products like rice, soft drinks and coffee we get them from their stores. They also get products from us if they run out of them,” said Mr Tagaygayatan.

Teduray market vendor Alvin Kulafu is new to the region and opened at the market seven months ago. He admitted he was nervous about divisions between communities.

“It was hard for me at first because I do not know the other vendors here and I worried about how to get along with them,” Mr Kulafu said.

“I think as long as we do not disturb each other's business and we maintain a good relationship and camaraderie with each other, it will be alright.”

Residents hope they can be an example for their country, and the world.

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